Climate of Iran

Differnt Climates in Iran

The northern strip of Iran, marked with green on the map, by the Caspian Sea, is the most popular domestic summer destinations. While the country is hot and dry throughout the summer this narrow strip between the high rising mountains and sea is very mild and cool.

The blue locations on the map are the mountains and their skirts. Most Central cities in Iran are located on mountain skirts. The North West cities such as Tabriz and Urimie are very cold throughout winter with pleasant summers. If we journey towards the south, the temperatures rise. Tehran has very mild weather in summer and winter. Yazd and Isfahan and further south, Shiraz are located in the central Iran which have cool winter and very hot summers. The sun is very strong in central Iran.

The south of Iran has very humid hot weather. Winters are very pleasant. Iranians travel to the south of Iran in winters, especially kish and Qeshm Island have the best weather in winters.

Based on average annual rain fall, Iran is a dry, semi-dry country. The average rain fall is 275mm per year, which ranges from 2m to 5cm throughout the country.

Iran Climate

Iran can be divided into 3 major climate areas:

• Arid and semi-arid climate 

• Mediterranean climate ( the narrow strip alongside Caspian sea, north of Iran)

• Cold dry climate ( in the mountain areas)


Being prepare for Iran’s climate

Sun glasses, the most important piece you will need.

If you're traveling in winter, unless you plan to visit the southern islands of Iran bring light winter wears (you won't need very warm coats in Iran).

If your traveling in summer, be sure to bring very cool cotton cloths (Iran men and women have to be covered) since it is going to be hot. Packing sun block and a hat will also be a good idea.

In spring and autumn weather can be unpredictable so pack a cool set of cloths and a warmer set of cloths including a coat.

Central parts of Iran can also be quite dry, a small bottle of body lotion may come in handy.


Iran’s climate is a result of several of geographical aspects:

1. Vast country: Iran spreads wide from north to south and from east to west

2. Two major mountain ranges pass through Iran: Zagros, Alborz

3. Dessert land in the center of Iran

4. Having 2 major seas on the north and south of Iran

5. The average latitude of 1200m from sea level throughout Iran


Facts on Iran climate and weather:

- The temperature difference in Iran can reach up to 50 degrees in winter.

- While shahre kord is -30 degrees in winter, we have Ahvaz at 50 degrees through the summer.

- The North West has the lowest average temperatures of 10 degrees, the more you move towards the south east this average rises to 25-30 in Sistan province.

- In 2004 and 2005 the hottest location on earth was recorded to be in Iran’s Lot desert.

- Highest elevations in Iran are mountain tops of Zagros and Alborz mountain ranges. The highest temperature year round is 10 degrees in these areas. These mountain tops that are covered with snow year round make up for 40,000 square kilometers of area.

- About half the country is covered with mountains, ¼ is cultivated land and the remaining ¼ is plain land/desert.

- Lowest point in Iran is only 56 m above sea level in the Loot desert.

- The highest point on Damavand Mountain is 5610 m high, located in the Alborz mountain range.

- The Caspian Sea shores are 28 meters below sea level.

- The variety of climate in Iran has brought with it various plant and animal species spread throughout the country. For example there are 168 wild mammals species found in Iran which is equal to all wild mammal species living in the continent of Europe.

- In Iran there are 8000 types of plants, 174 fish species, 20 amphibian & reptile species and 514 bird species registered.

Kerman Daily Tour
David From  France
I asked for a tailor made travel in order to visit the south part of Iran, Kerman, Kalut desert and fortress of Bam. All the services were according my requests, the guide by car took me where I wanted, that was perfect. l definitely recommend step to Iran for a good travel experience without worries in this amazing country.

Gem of Persia
Edwin & Diana From  The Netherlands
We had a wonderful holiday in Iran en that was also because of our tour guide Shahram Rafie of Step To Iran. He has a lot of knowledge about the history of Iran and it’s cultural heritage and tells enthusiastically about it. Although we had beforehand an itenary, he organized spontaneous things in between: climbing into ancient desert cities, visiting a carpet shop with explanation by the carpet seller, doing a jeep safari, etc. This was of course always in consultation with us. We also had enough time to do things on our own. Furthermore he arranges everything, like a roomchange or a place in a full (!) restaurant; and knows the best restaurants in every town. Last but not least he is a nice guy, which is important when you travel together for a couple of weeks. So we love to visit Iran again, with Step To Iran.

Ancient Persia Pakage
Anna From  Italy
We had such a wonderful time in discovering the beauty of Persia. Everything was arranged by step to Iran, visa procedure, accommodation, domestic flights. Many thanks to Ali, reliable and capable guide whose precious explanations we appreciated a lot.


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